Thanks to the high altitude Sierra Nevada held southern Quaternary glaciers in Europe, as well as it happened during the little ice age. The Arabs implemented the acequia system canals, one of the first devices for artificial recharge of aquifers. A network of irrigation channels distributes water across the agricultural terraces and southern slopes. This redistribution and management of water is responsible for the present day landscape in most of the Alpujarras region.
The Sierra Nevada is characterized by a rich mosaic of landscapes. But they are, more often than not, landscapes with fragile enclaves that require careful attention. This is indeed how it should be.
The challenge lies in knowing how to apply this master-plan for use and management in this fragile area. Balancing the sustainable economic event of the population and the preservation and safeguarding the heritage values of the landscape.